The last lesson summary Class 12 English | CBSE | NCERT

Hello everybody on the study note. Here you get short or brief the last lesson summary in English of class 12 flamingo CBSE or Ncert book and also for SEBA board. The author of the chapter 1 the last lesson story is Alphonse Daudet. If you are from AHSEC then it is also helpful for you.


Alphonse Daudet’s short story ‘The Last Lesson’ is set in the days of the Franco-Prussian war (1870-1871). Germany (Prussia) occupied two French districts of Alsace and Lorraine. By order from Berlin, the German language was imposed on the French-speaking people of Alsace and Lorraine. The story highlights the dismay and distress of M. Hamel, his students, and the villagers, caused by that order from Berlin.

The last lesson summary

Little Franz, a young schoolboy, is the narrator of the story. Franz was hurrying to school because he was late. He feared his class teacher, M. Hamel. M. Hamel had assigned homework regarding participles but Franz didn't learn them. He even had a desire to running away and spending the day outdoors. But M. Hamel was a strict teacher and Franz did not have the courage to stay away. So he hastened off to school.

On his way, Franz passed through the town square where he noticed a crowd in front of the bulletin board. Franz recalled that for the last two years all the bad news displayed there. He wondered what it could be this time.

On reaching school, Franz found the environment is quite unusual; the great bustle which was generally found was missing. The noise made by the children while opening and closing their desks was not found. No lessons were read in unison and the rapping of the teacher's ruler was not heard. Franz had planned to enter into the class taking advantage of the noise but he was surprised when he reached there. Peeping in through the window he saw his friends, already sitting in their places, and M. Hamel walking to and fro with his iron ruler under his arm. Franz opened the door. But the M. Hamel was not angry. He looked at Franz and told him to take his place. As he sat down he noticed his teacher was dressed formally that he wore only on special days. Everyone was quiet and sad. The most surprising thing was that the village elders were sitting on the backbenches.

M. Hamel sat in the chair. He announced that this was to be the last French lesson. The order had come from Berlin that in future only German would be taught in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine. Franz realized that this was the news in the town hall. The Franz was sorry at the thought of not having his French lesson anymore. He never liked his books. But now he developed a new fond of love for them. Even he started liking M. Hamel. Franz now realized that the old men of the village were sitting there because they were sorry that they had not gone to school for a longer time, and had not made the efforts to learn their language. They wanted to thank M. Hamel for his forty years of faithful service and also show respect for their language that was no longer there.

Just then M. Hamel asked Franz to recite the rules of participles. Franz could not and was very nervous. He excepted M. Hamel scold him. But M. Hamel didn't. M. Hamel said that it was not only Franz to blame. His parents had never been eager to send him to school. They expected him to earn a little money. M. Hamel said the French language was the most beautiful, logical, and clearest language in the world. He told them that they must guard it among themselves and never forget it. This time when M. Hamel taught grammar, Franz was surprised to see how well he understood it. He realized that earlier neither he had listened carefully, nor had M. Hamel gave them new copies on which in beautiful handwriting were written the words 'France, Alsace'. Everyone set to writing. There was no sound except the sound of the pens writing on the paper. Franz said to himself, "will they teach the pigeons to coo in German"?

Franz then looked up to see M. Hamel sitting motionless in his chair. After forty years, it must break his heart to leave the country. But he was determined to teach till the very last moment. Suddenly the church clock struck twelve. The Prussians sounded their trumpets. Then Hamel wanted to speak to the pupil but he was struck up. Then he took a piece of chalk and wrote on the blackboard in a very large letter, "Vive La France!". Then with the gesture of this hand he indicated that the school was over.

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